Spectacular results after heat treatment for short-stored layer eggs
The Petersime R&D department and layer breeding company Hy-Line do Brasil have joined forces to investigate the benefits of using heat treatment for layer eggs stored for 6 to 8 days. In a series of comparative trials using the BioStreamer™ Re-Store to apply the SPIDES process for layers, they have tested 121,500 eggs. The first results are spectacular.
By Bruno Machado, incubation specialist, Petersime R&D Department
The Re-Store process or SPIDES
Heat treatment of stored eggs has been around for a long time. The Re-Store process, also known as ‘Short Periods of Incubation During Egg Storage’ (SPIDES), has been up and running for several years now. Inspired by the mother hen brooding on a clutch of eggs, this technology ensures the eggs are brought to a more uniform stage of early embryonic development before incubation starts. For example, the use of SPIDES in turkey incubation has already been proven very successful.
How was the research set up?
Petersime and Hy-Line do Brasil have set up a series of comparative trials to investigate to what extent heat treatment benefits stored layer eggs. In the first phase, they studied a total of 121,500 eggs that were stored for 6 to 8 days:
- 54 hatches in total
- Eggs from both young, middle and old flocks, and of three different breeds
- 50% of all eggs were incubated with Re-Store treatment at three different time intervals. They were treated for an average of 12 hours per cycle, on the fifth day of storage.
- The other 50% were incubated without treatment at three different time intervals (control eggs).
- The researchers consistently followed the standard programme on a fully loaded BioStreamer™ Re-Store incubator.
The results are significant
1. Number of culls decreased with 0.91% in total
The number of dead chicks or chicks with severe problems decreased significantly. In eggs treated with Re-Store, the researchers measured 1.9% culls versus 2.8% in eggs that did not get the Re-Store treatment.
2. 2.12% better hatch results
The results went up from 40% to 42.12% hatched eggs (this applies to 50%, because only females are counted).
3. Early death decreased with 0.9% in total
The most important reason for this raise in hatchability is the fact that early death decreased with Re-Store treatment. ‘Early death’ means that embryos died in the first 7 days of the incubation cycle. After break-out analysis, eggs without Re-Store showed 5.2% of early deaths versus 4.3% in eggs with Re-Store.
4. 1.5% better uniformity with Re-Store treatment
The researchers weighed a sample of 100 chicks per treatment. The percentage of chicks that were within the range of ±10% around the average weight are considered ‘uniform’. Ideally, at least 80% of chicks should be within that range. For eggs with Re-Store treatment, the uniformity was 86.2% versus 84.7% for the control eggs.
To give you an idea, the gains for a hatchery with a monthly production of 3,000,000 day-olds would be:
- Hatch gain: + 2,12% = 63,600 more chicks per month
- Culls gain: - 0,91% = 27,300 less per month
How does restoring short-stored eggs increase hatchability?
To avoid hatchability loss due to storage, the application of controlled heat treatment will cause short-stored eggs (6 to 8 days) to return to a cellular condition similar to that of fresh eggs. Thanks to the Re-Store process, these eggs will start incubation in a more homogeneous embryonic stage, which will result in better uniformity and chick yield. With Re-Store, there is no need to compensate the storage by applying a different incubation time.
The BioStreamer™ Re-Store incubator uses a specially adapted technology to control the heat treatment programme, considering not only the air temperature inside the machine, but also the timing of consecutive steps in the programme itself.
With the aim to further optimise incubation programmes, the research team at Petersime and Hy-Line do Brasil continues to study the benefits of restoring longer-stored eggs from different lines, breeds and flock ages.